Pr. Cherif CHIBANE, MIT, USA
Smart cities technologies as economic growth in emerging economies
Industrialization forced people to migrate from their farms to industrial areas where they could find work in factories. This resulted in a high concentration living in mega cities. As a result, a heavy demand was put on people's work, heath and leisure resources and highlighted the necessity of optimizing the use of cities infrastructure , transportation systems, hospitals, power plants, water supply networks, and other community services. A smart city uses information, communication and technology (ICT) to improve the efficiency of these services.
ICT allows city officials to interact directly with the community and the city infrastructure to monitor what is happening in the city, how the city is evolving, and how to enable a better quality of life. A key element of Smart cities is the use of sensors integrated into real-time monitoring systems. Data is collected from citizens and devices, then processed, and analyzed and acted upon. The aggregate of these sensors, collectively referred to as Internet of things (IoT), form an enabling technology for efficient and effective resource management in Smart Cities.
ICT for smart cities requires communication infrastructure, processing platforms and software applications, data mining and cloud technologies. These technologies have a low barrier of entry and cities around the world are promoting technology centers and incubators to develop them to be used for local use and export.
In this talk, Prof. Chibane discusses the trend of technologies in smart cities. He also highlights the need for city and local officials to partner with universities to help set up incubators where local resources can be used to create high paying jobs. This talk covers the success of incubators in the US and those experiences can be duplicated in Algeria. Relevant technologies that can be developed in Algeria will be presented.
Prof. Chibane is a Research Scientist, Technologist and Advanced Technology Entrepreneur with more than 25 years of research and development in major labs in the USA.
Until recently, he was at MIT as a research scientist. Currently, he is CEO of startup that specializes in advanced technology research and development.